Diabetes is a complicated disease process
that can lead to serious problems if not treated properly. The
purpose of our education programs are to make you aware of the
potential problems that you may face and show you how to
Avoid problems by
taking control of your diabetes now!
Genetics, high blood fat, obesity, smoking
and Diabetes all contribute to developing heart disease. It remains
the number one cause of death for people
with diabetes in America. Controlling your weight, decreasing stress, quiting smoking
and controlling blood glucose will all help to reduce
Test: Have a lipid profile every year, monitor blood pressure
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Major blood vessels in your arms
or legs become clogged in much the same way as in heart disease and
for similar reasons. People with diabetes are 4-6 times more likely
to have Peripheral Vascular Disease than those that do
not have diabetes. The first symptoms may be pain in legs at rest, cold
legs or feet, numbness in the legs. Report any loss of
sensation in feet or arms as well as poor healing.
Retinopathy (Diabetic Eye Disease)
Blood vessels that deliver nutrients to the eye bulge and leak
form high blood sugars. This continues until eventually the vessels
bleed into the eye and cause permanent damage. Diabetes is the
leading cause of blindness in the USA. It occurs in 55-80 percent of
people with Type 2 after 15 years. Retinopathy can be reversed if
caught early. Because there are no symptoms in teh early
stages, it is important to be checked even if you think every
thing is fine.
Test: Annual eye dilation performed by an Ophthalmologist.
Nephropathy: (Diabetic Kidney Disease)
High blood sugars cause the kidney to filter
too much blood. Eventually the kidneys canít keep up and they start
to leak nutrients that the body needs, such as protein, into
the urine. Because the kidneys are not working properly, waste products
build up in the body. Diabetes is the leading cause of
kidney failure and the need for dialysis in the United States.
About 1 out of 10 people with diabetes has nephropathy. It can be treated if
caught early but there are no symptoms of early disease and must
be detected through blood and urine tests.
Gastropathy is a type of neuropathy or nerve damage that affects
the stomach. Nerves that control the passage of food through
the stomach are damaged and absorption of food is delayed. Symptoms
include feeling of fullness or bloating after eating.
High blood sugar and poor circulation lead
to nerve damage in the feet and hands. Diabetes is
leading cause of foot amputations as a result of unnoticed and
untreated skin breaks in the feet. Report any symptoms of
tingling, numbness or pain to your Doctor. Check you feet daily, and
ask your doctor to check them at each visit
Diabetes is a leading cause of mouth and gum disease. Brush
and floss daily (only floss the teeth you want to keep) and have a
professional teeth cleaning every 6 months.
Sexual Dysfunction occurs in 50-75 percent of men with
diabetes and many women. Males may experience premature
ejaculation or be unable to have or maintain an erection.
Females most often experience vaginal dryness and discomfort
Although it may be embarrassing to you, it is important to know
that sexual dysfunction is a common problem and there are many very
effective treatments. Talk to your healthcare provider as soon
as you notice changes in your sexual function.