Salt, or sodium, is a mineral that is essential for regulating a variety of chemical processes in your body. Salt helps to regulate water balance in your body and functions in maintaining a healthy electrical and physical environment in your cells, nerves and muscles.
Too much salt in your diet must be filtered from your blood
by the kidneys for excretion in urine. Most people use salt because
it enhances the flavor of food and is used as an additive in
The recommended amount of salt that you need in a day is
about 2400mg. One teaspoon of salt has 2400mg
of sodium. Most foods have a small amount of salt in them and
processed foods often have much more than the recommended daily
All sources of salt need to be counted toward your
daily budget and it is generally unnecessary to add salt during food
preparation or at the table. However, most people are used to
high amounts of salt in their diet and it can be difficult to reduce
your intake without food tasting bland.
The good news is that taste sensitivity to salt can be changed
over time so that the bland taste of food without added salt will
eventually go away. Practicing a low salt diet over time can improve
sensitivity again and foods will taste salty at a lower level of
Reducing your salt intake is essential for everyone but most
especially if you have high blood pressure or kidney disease
which are common among diabetics.