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  Symptoms of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes usually come on suddenly. They include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Feeling very tired

Type 2 Diabetes

In its early stages, type 2 diabetes often has no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they may come on gradually and be very subtle. They include:

  • Feeling tired
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
  • Frequent infections
  • Increased urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Problems with sexual function
  • Slow healing of cuts or sores
  • Increased hunger and thirst

Hypoglycemia

Not enough sugar in your blood

Causes:

  • Too little food
  • Too much insulin or diabetes medicine
  • Extra activity.

Onset: sudden, may progress to insulin shock.

Symptoms:

  • Shaking
  • Fast Heart beat
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Anxious
  • Hunger
  • Impaired vision
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Headache
  • Irritable

Treatment:

  • 15g of quick carbohydrate
  • 4 oz juice or regular soda
  • 3 glucose tabs
  • 5 pieces of hard candy
  • 6 oz milk

Hyperglycemia

Causes:

Too much sugar in your blood

  • Too much food
  • Too little insulin or diabetes medicine
  • Illness
  • Stress

Onset: Gradual, may progress to diabetic coma

Symptoms:

  • extreme thirst
  • frequent urination
  • dry skin
  • hunger
  • blurred vision
  • drowsiness

Treatment:

  • Exercise
  • Take medications/insulin correctly
  • Ask your doctor whether or not you should change medications to help you control your blood sugars better.
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